Montessori Children's World
1205 West Lincoln Highway
Merrillvill, IN 46410
Email: Ms. Karen
The Montessori teaching philosophy was first developed by an Italian doctor by the name of Maria Montessori. The foundation of the philosophy is that every child develops at their own individual pace and level. While developing, every child deserves to be treated with respect and provided with choices and interesting alternatives with which to develop the learning potentials.
The teacher's role in the Montessori classroom is to maintain order and each student's self-discipline, along with directing the children towards solving their own questions through the Montessori materials and the use of feedback from their peers. The child is an active participant in the learning process.
The Montessori Method is built upon allowing children to discover questions and find the answers themselves. This process enhances the development of their cognitive and problem solving skills.
The classroom consists of several age groups working together as a community. For example, in a 3 to 6 year old classroom, the older children act as role models for the younger children, while older children experience as sense of responsibility and importance.
The teacher closely supervises to ensure that, over an extended period of time, each child is exposed to all essential areas of the curriculum in the classroom.
The Montessori approach to early childhood education is based on the method of seeing children as they really are and of creating environments which foster the fulfillment of their highest potential - spiritual, emotional, physical and intellectual.
Dr. Maria Montessori believed that no human being is educated by another person. She most do it herself or it will never be done. A truly educated individual continues learning long after the hours and years she spends in the classroom because she is motivated from within by a natural curiosity and love for knowledge. Dr. Montessori felt, therefore that the goal of early childhood education should not be to fill the child with facts from a preselected course of studies, but rather to cultivate her own natural desire to learn.
The Montessori Method is a system of education that is both a philosophy of child growth and a rationale for guiding such growth. It is based on the child's developmental needs, exposure to materials, and experiences through which to develop intelligence as well as physical and psychological abilities. Children need adults to expose them to the possibilities of life, but children themselves must direct their response to those possibilities.
In the Montessori classroom this objective is approached in two ways: first, by allowing each child to experience the excitement of learning by her own choice rather than by being forced; and second, by helping her to perfect all her natural tools for learning, so that her ability will be at a maximum in future learning situations.
Dr. Montessori always emphasized that the hand is the chief teacher of the child. In order to learn there must be concentration, and the best way a child can concentrate is by fixing his attention on some task he is performing with his hands. (the adult habit of doodling is a remnant of this practice). All the materials in a Montessori classroom allow the child to reinforce his need for purposeful work by inviting him to use his hands for learning.
Parents should understand that a Montessori school is neither a baby-sitting service nor a play school that prepares a child for traditional kindergarten. Rather, it is a unique cycle of learning designed to take advantage of the child's sensitive years between the ages of three and six, when she can absorb information from an enriched environment. A child who acquires the basic skills of reading and arithmetic in this natural way has the advantage of beginning her education without drudgery, boredom or discouragement. By pursuing her individual interest in a Montessori classroom, she gains an early enthusiasm for leaning, which is the key to her becoming a truly educated person.